Opened 5 years ago

Closed 5 years ago

Last modified 5 years ago

#2245 closed enhancement (fixed)

Speed difference when using -ss on similar MKVs when extracting frame image

Reported by: eelco Owned by:
Priority: wish Component: avformat
Version: git-master Keywords: h264 mkv
Cc: Blocked By:
Blocking: Reproduced by developer: no
Analyzed by developer: no

Description

Summary of the bug:

When using -ss on the input file, some MKVs are significantly slower than others, while they’re the same resolution. I would expect a small speed difference due to encoding differences, but in this case it’s about 6-8 times.

How to reproduce:

> time ./ffmpeg "-ss" "10" "-i" ~/Desktop/ffmpeg-ss-bug/slow-ss.mkv "-f" "image2" "-vframes" "1" /dev/null
ffmpeg version N-49666-g4745194 Copyright (c) 2000-2013 the FFmpeg developers
  built on Feb  7 2013 10:22:14 with llvm-gcc 4.2.1 (LLVM build 2336.11.00)
  configuration: --prefix=/Users/eelco/Projects/Beamer/FFmpeg/build --enable-gpl --enable-version3 --enable-libx264 --disable-shared --enable-static --enable-libtheora --enable-libvorbis --enable-libvo-aacenc --disable-doc --extra-cflags='-DMACOSX_DEPLOYMENT_TARGET=10.6 -isysroot /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Platforms/MacOSX.platform/Developer/SDKs/MacOSX10.8.sdk -mmacosx-version-min=10.6 -I/Users/eelco/Projects/Beamer/FFmpeg/build/include' --extra-ldflags='-isysroot /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Platforms/MacOSX.platform/Developer/SDKs/MacOSX10.8.sdk -mmacosx-version-min=10.6 -L/Users/eelco/Projects/Beamer/FFmpeg/build/lib'
  libavutil      52. 17.101 / 52. 17.101
  libavcodec     54. 91.101 / 54. 91.101
  libavformat    54. 61.104 / 54. 61.104
  libavdevice    54.  3.103 / 54.  3.103
  libavfilter     3. 35.101 /  3. 35.101
  libswscale      2.  2.100 /  2.  2.100
  libswresample   0. 17.102 /  0. 17.102
  libpostproc    52.  2.100 / 52.  2.100
Input #0, matroska,webm, from '/Users/eelco/Desktop/ffmpeg-ss-bug/slow-ss.mkv':
  Metadata:
    ENCODER         : Lavf54.59.106
  Duration: 00:00:11.22, start: 0.000000, bitrate: 9890 kb/s
    Chapter #0.0: start 0.000000, end 11.000000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:00:00.000
    Stream #0:0(eng): Video: h264 (High), yuv420p, 1920x1080, SAR 1:1 DAR 16:9, 23.98 fps, 23.98 tbr, 1k tbn, 47.95 tbc (default)
    Stream #0:1(eng): Audio: truehd, 48000 Hz, 7.1, s32 (default)
    Metadata:
      title           : English TRUE-HD
      LANGUAGE        : eng
Output #0, image2, to '/dev/null':
  Metadata:
    encoder         : Lavf54.61.104
    Chapter #0.0: start 0.000000, end 1.000000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:00:00.000
    Stream #0:0(eng): Video: mjpeg, yuvj420p, 1920x1080 [SAR 1:1 DAR 16:9], q=2-31, 200 kb/s, 90k tbn, 23.98 tbc (default)
Stream mapping:
  Stream #0:0 -> #0:0 (h264 -> mjpeg)
Press [q] to stop, [?] for help
frame=    1 fps=0.4 q=0.0 Lsize=N/A time=00:00:00.04 bitrate=N/A dup=0 drop=236    
video:50kB audio:0kB subtitle:0 global headers:0kB muxing overhead -100.043320%
        2.41 real         5.94 user         0.10 sys

VS.

> time ./ffmpeg "-ss" "10" "-i" ~/Desktop/ffmpeg-ss-bug/fast-ss.mkv "-f" "image2" "-vframes" "1" /dev/null
ffmpeg version N-49666-g4745194 Copyright (c) 2000-2013 the FFmpeg developers
  built on Feb  7 2013 10:22:14 with llvm-gcc 4.2.1 (LLVM build 2336.11.00)
  configuration: --prefix=/Users/eelco/Projects/Beamer/FFmpeg/build --enable-gpl --enable-version3 --enable-libx264 --disable-shared --enable-static --enable-libtheora --enable-libvorbis --enable-libvo-aacenc --disable-doc --extra-cflags='-DMACOSX_DEPLOYMENT_TARGET=10.6 -isysroot /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Platforms/MacOSX.platform/Developer/SDKs/MacOSX10.8.sdk -mmacosx-version-min=10.6 -I/Users/eelco/Projects/Beamer/FFmpeg/build/include' --extra-ldflags='-isysroot /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Platforms/MacOSX.platform/Developer/SDKs/MacOSX10.8.sdk -mmacosx-version-min=10.6 -L/Users/eelco/Projects/Beamer/FFmpeg/build/lib'
  libavutil      52. 17.101 / 52. 17.101
  libavcodec     54. 91.101 / 54. 91.101
  libavformat    54. 61.104 / 54. 61.104
  libavdevice    54.  3.103 / 54.  3.103
  libavfilter     3. 35.101 /  3. 35.101
  libswscale      2.  2.100 /  2.  2.100
  libswresample   0. 17.102 /  0. 17.102
  libpostproc    52.  2.100 / 52.  2.100
Input #0, matroska,webm, from '/Users/eelco/Desktop/ffmpeg-ss-bug/fast-ss.mkv':
  Metadata:
    MAJOR_BRAND     : qt  
    MINOR_VERSION   : 537199360
    COMPATIBLE_BRANDS: qt  
    TIMECODE        : 00:00:00:00
    ENCODER         : Lavf54.59.106
  Duration: 00:00:11.08, start: 0.000000, bitrate: 14054 kb/s
    Stream #0:0(eng): Video: h264 (Main), yuv420p, 1920x1080, SAR 1:1 DAR 16:9, 24 fps, 24 tbr, 1k tbn, 2k tbc (default)
    Metadata:
      CREATION_TIME   : 2008-05-27 18:40:35
      LANGUAGE        : eng
      HANDLER_NAME    : Apple Alias Data Handler
    Stream #0:1(eng): Audio: aac, 48000 Hz, 5.1, fltp (default)
    Metadata:
      CREATION_TIME   : 2008-05-27 18:40:35
      LANGUAGE        : eng
      HANDLER_NAME    : Apple Alias Data Handler
Output #0, image2, to '/dev/null':
  Metadata:
    MAJOR_BRAND     : qt  
    MINOR_VERSION   : 537199360
    COMPATIBLE_BRANDS: qt  
    TIMECODE        : 00:00:00:00
    encoder         : Lavf54.61.104
    Stream #0:0(eng): Video: mjpeg, yuvj420p, 1920x1080 [SAR 1:1 DAR 16:9], q=2-31, 200 kb/s, 90k tbn, 24 tbc (default)
    Metadata:
      CREATION_TIME   : 2008-05-27 18:40:35
      LANGUAGE        : eng
      HANDLER_NAME    : Apple Alias Data Handler
Stream mapping:
  Stream #0:0 -> #0:0 (h264 -> mjpeg)
Press [q] to stop, [?] for help
frame=    1 fps=0.0 q=0.0 Lsize=N/A time=00:00:00.04 bitrate=N/A dup=0 drop=21    
video:205kB audio:0kB subtitle:0 global headers:0kB muxing overhead -100.010488%
        0.42 real         0.70 user         0.07 sys

I’ll upload the sample files to the FTP server.

Change History (7)

comment:1 Changed 5 years ago by eelco

Uploaded as 2245-slow-ss.mkv and 2245-fast-ss.mkv to ftp://upload.ffmpeg.org/incoming.

comment:2 Changed 5 years ago by cehoyos

  • Keywords h264 mkv added
  • Resolution set to invalid
  • Status changed from new to closed

The "slow" sample has one keyframe (at 0:00) before your desired seeking end-point, the "fast" sample has eleven, one of them less than half a second before your seeking destination. In both cases, frames have to be decoded to be able to decode the frame that you want to seek to, in one case ~10, in the other ~250.
I don't think this can be "fixed".

comment:3 Changed 5 years ago by eelco

Interesting. I hadn’t looked at that yet. I saw that the “slow” sample also has a keyframe at ~10.5 seconds and seeking to 11 seconds is indeed fast. However, when I try the same on the original file, it is still slow. (I created the slow file using the -t option and using the copy codec.)

I’ve created a new sample with dd that does have the same problem as the original file though.

This is the keyframe information:

> ./ffprobe -of compact -show_frames ~/Desktop/ffmpeg-ss-bug/2245-slow-ss-dd.mkv | grep 'video|key_frame=1'
... (still the same ffmpeg version)
frame|media_type=video|key_frame=1|pkt_pts=0|pkt_pts_time=0.000000|pkt_dts=0|pkt_dts_time=0.000000|pkt_duration=N/A|pkt_duration_time=N/A|pkt_pos=6670|pkt_size=148182|width=1920|height=1080|pix_fmt=yuv420p|sample_aspect_ratio=1:1|pict_type=I|coded_picture_number=0|display_picture_number=0|interlaced_frame=0|top_field_first=0|repeat_pict=0|reference=3
frame|media_type=video|key_frame=1|pkt_pts=10427|pkt_pts_time=10.427000|pkt_dts=10427|pkt_dts_time=10.427000|pkt_duration=41|pkt_duration_time=0.041000|pkt_pos=13743718|pkt_size=99527|width=1920|height=1080|pix_fmt=yuv420p|sample_aspect_ratio=1:1|pict_type=I|coded_picture_number=250|display_picture_number=0|interlaced_frame=0|top_field_first=0|repeat_pict=0|reference=3

Since there is a keyframe at 10.427, I’d expect getting the image at 11 seconds would be pretty fast, but it isn’t:

time ./ffmpeg "-ss" "11" "-i" ~/Desktop/ffmpeg-ss-bug/2245-slow-ss-dd.mkv "-f" "image2" "-vframes" "1" /dev/null
ffmpeg version N-49666-g4745194 Copyright (c) 2000-2013 the FFmpeg developers
  built on Feb  7 2013 10:22:14 with llvm-gcc 4.2.1 (LLVM build 2336.11.00)
  configuration: --prefix=/Users/eelco/Projects/Beamer/FFmpeg/build --enable-gpl --enable-version3 --enable-libx264 --disable-shared --enable-static --enable-libtheora --enable-libvorbis --enable-libvo-aacenc --disable-doc --extra-cflags='-DMACOSX_DEPLOYMENT_TARGET=10.6 -isysroot /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Platforms/MacOSX.platform/Developer/SDKs/MacOSX10.8.sdk -mmacosx-version-min=10.6 -I/Users/eelco/Projects/Beamer/FFmpeg/build/include' --extra-ldflags='-isysroot /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Platforms/MacOSX.platform/Developer/SDKs/MacOSX10.8.sdk -mmacosx-version-min=10.6 -L/Users/eelco/Projects/Beamer/FFmpeg/build/lib'
  libavutil      52. 17.101 / 52. 17.101
  libavcodec     54. 91.101 / 54. 91.101
  libavformat    54. 61.104 / 54. 61.104
  libavdevice    54.  3.103 / 54.  3.103
  libavfilter     3. 35.101 /  3. 35.101
  libswscale      2.  2.100 /  2.  2.100
  libswresample   0. 17.102 /  0. 17.102
  libpostproc    52.  2.100 / 52.  2.100
Input #0, matroska,webm, from '/Users/eelco/Desktop/ffmpeg-ss-bug/2245-slow-ss-dd.mkv':
  Metadata:
    creation_time   : 2012-12-09 16:32:15
  Duration: 01:33:24.19, start: 0.000000, bitrate: 21 kb/s
    Chapter #0.0: start 0.000000, end 316.316000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:00:00.000
    Chapter #0.1: start 316.316000, end 651.985000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:05:16.316
    Chapter #0.2: start 651.985000, end 1186.310000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:10:51.985
    Chapter #0.3: start 1186.310000, end 1669.835000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:19:46.310
    Chapter #0.4: start 1669.835000, end 1970.552000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:27:49.835
    Chapter #0.5: start 1970.552000, end 2434.974000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:32:50.552
    Chapter #0.6: start 2434.974000, end 2811.976000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:40:34.974
    Chapter #0.7: start 2811.976000, end 3120.534000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:46:51.976
    Chapter #0.8: start 3120.534000, end 3535.157000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:52:00.534
    Chapter #0.9: start 3535.157000, end 3623.411000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:58:55.157
    Chapter #0.10: start 3623.411000, end 3859.314000
    Metadata:
      title           : 01:00:23.411
    Chapter #0.11: start 3859.314000, end 4259.672000
    Metadata:
      title           : 01:04:19.314
    Chapter #0.12: start 4259.672000, end 4530.317000
    Metadata:
      title           : 01:10:59.672
    Chapter #0.13: start 4530.317000, end 4869.782000
    Metadata:
      title           : 01:15:30.317
    Chapter #0.14: start 4869.782000, end 4968.630000
    Metadata:
      title           : 01:21:09.782
    Chapter #0.15: start 4968.630000, end 5604.192000
    Metadata:
      title           : 01:22:48.630
    Stream #0:0(eng): Video: h264 (High), yuv420p, 1920x1080, SAR 1:1 DAR 16:9, 23.98 fps, 23.98 tbr, 1k tbn, 47.95 tbc (default)
    Stream #0:1(eng): Audio: truehd, 48000 Hz, 7.1, s32
    Metadata:
      title           : English TRUE-HD
    Stream #0:2(swe): Audio: ac3, 48000 Hz, 5.1(side), fltp, 640 kb/s (default)
    Metadata:
      title           : Swedish AC3
    Stream #0:3(swe): Subtitle: dvd_subtitle (default)
    Metadata:
      title           : Swedish
    Stream #0:4(eng): Subtitle: dvd_subtitle
    Metadata:
      title           : English
Output #0, image2, to '/dev/null':
  Metadata:
    encoder         : Lavf54.61.104
    Chapter #0.0: start 0.000000, end 305.316000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:00:00.000
    Chapter #0.1: start 305.316000, end 640.985000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:05:16.316
    Chapter #0.2: start 640.985000, end 1175.310000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:10:51.985
    Chapter #0.3: start 1175.310000, end 1658.835000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:19:46.310
    Chapter #0.4: start 1658.835000, end 1959.552000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:27:49.835
    Chapter #0.5: start 1959.552000, end 2423.974000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:32:50.552
    Chapter #0.6: start 2423.974000, end 2800.976000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:40:34.974
    Chapter #0.7: start 2800.976000, end 3109.534000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:46:51.976
    Chapter #0.8: start 3109.534000, end 3524.157000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:52:00.534
    Chapter #0.9: start 3524.157000, end 3612.411000
    Metadata:
      title           : 00:58:55.157
    Chapter #0.10: start 3612.411000, end 3848.314000
    Metadata:
      title           : 01:00:23.411
    Chapter #0.11: start 3848.314000, end 4248.672000
    Metadata:
      title           : 01:04:19.314
    Chapter #0.12: start 4248.672000, end 4519.317000
    Metadata:
      title           : 01:10:59.672
    Chapter #0.13: start 4519.317000, end 4858.782000
    Metadata:
      title           : 01:15:30.317
    Chapter #0.14: start 4858.782000, end 4957.630000
    Metadata:
      title           : 01:21:09.782
    Chapter #0.15: start 4957.630000, end 5593.192000
    Metadata:
      title           : 01:22:48.630
    Stream #0:0(eng): Video: mjpeg, yuvj420p, 1920x1080 [SAR 1:1 DAR 16:9], q=2-31, 200 kb/s, 90k tbn, 23.98 tbc (default)
Stream mapping:
  Stream #0:0 -> #0:0 (h264 -> mjpeg)
Press [q] to stop, [?] for help
frame=    1 fps=0.5 q=0.0 Lsize=N/A time=00:00:00.04 bitrate=N/A dup=0 drop=262    
video:47kB audio:0kB subtitle:0 global headers:0kB muxing overhead -100.045473%
        2.14 real         6.04 user         0.10 sys

I’ve uploaded the file to the FTP.

comment:4 Changed 5 years ago by eelco

  • Resolution invalid deleted
  • Status changed from closed to reopened

comment:5 Changed 5 years ago by cehoyos

  • Component changed from undetermined to avformat
  • Priority changed from normal to wish
  • Resolution set to fixed
  • Status changed from reopened to closed
  • Type changed from defect to enhancement

Concerning your original request, you can now use "-seek2any 1" to speed up the seeking (please do not report that this is not what you wanted).
If there still is a problem (with the second sample), please explain what does not work the way you expect, if it is unrelated to the new option, please consider opening a new ticket.

comment:6 Changed 5 years ago by eelco

I indeed want to speed up the seeking, but the output should still be correct ;)

When I try with the new option added (with git-master) on the 2245-slow-ss-dd.mkv sample it is indeed very fast, but generates a bunch of warnings and an completely empty output picture.

...
matroska,webm @ 0x101806600] File is broken, keyframes not correctly marked!
[h264 @ 0x10281ea00] reference picture missing during reorder
    Last message repeated 3 times
[h264 @ 0x10281ea00] Missing reference picture, default is 0
[h264 @ 0x10281ea00] decode_slice_header error
[h264 @ 0x10281f600] reference picture missing during reorder
    Last message repeated 2 times
[h264 @ 0x10281f600] Missing reference picture, default is 65564
    Last message repeated 2 times
[h264 @ 0x10281fc00] mmco: unref short failure
    Last message repeated 1 times
[h264 @ 0x102820200] reference picture missing during reorder
[h264 @ 0x102820200] Missing reference picture, default is 65568
[h264 @ 0x102820800] reference picture missing during reorder
[h264 @ 0x102820800] Missing reference picture, default is 65570
[h264 @ 0x10281ea00] mmco: unref short failure
[matroska,webm @ 0x101806600] Read error
frame=    1 fps=0.0 q=0.0 Lsize=N/A time=00:00:00.04 bitrate=N/A dup=0 drop=1    
video:393kB audio:0kB subtitle:0 global headers:0kB muxing overhead -100.005461%

Regarding the second sample (2245-slow-ss-dd.mkv), can you explain why the second keyframe (at 10.427s) was not used to generate the image at 11s? In the output is says

frame=    1 fps=0.5 q=0.0 Lsize=N/A time=00:00:00.04 bitrate=N/A dup=0 drop=262

It seems to me that it dropped 262 frames. When using it on the first “slow” file (2245-slow-ss.mkv) however, it does seem to detect the keyframe and only drops 15 frames:

frame=    1 fps=0.0 q=0.0 Lsize=N/A time=00:00:00.04 bitrate=N/A dup=0 drop=15    

comment:7 Changed 5 years ago by eelco

Okay, okay, I’ll open up a new ticket ;)

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