Opened 4 years ago

Closed 4 years ago

Last modified 4 years ago

#1813 closed defect (invalid)

ASS filter does not accept filenames with '

Reported by: Atarikid Owned by:
Priority: important Component: documentation
Version: 1.0 Keywords: syntax quoting escaping
Cc: stefasab@gmail.com Blocked By:
Blocking: Reproduced by developer: yes
Analyzed by developer: yes

Description

When using a filename including the character ' within the .ass filename FFmpeg gives an error 'Error opening filter'

Example with escaping
-vf ass="/Volumes/Data/Movies/Crime?\ d\'Amour.srt"

or without escaping:
-vf ass="/Volumes/Data/Movies/Crime? d'Amour.srt"

Both gives an error.

When removing the ' character (and renaming the file to Crime dAmour.srt) it works fine.

I did not test this with other filters (watermark etc..) but I guess it the same would happen.

BTW with FFmpeg 1.0 compiled to OS X

Change History (8)

comment:1 in reply to: ↑ description Changed 4 years ago by cehoyos

Replying to Atarikid:

Both gives an error.

Please provide your command line together with complete, uncut console output.

comment:2 Changed 4 years ago by Atarikid

No problem.

Command line:

/Users/Atari/Library?/FFmpeg/ffmpeg -i /Volumes/Data/Movies/Gaming?\ test\:\ Galaxy\ S\ II\ vs.\ Galaxy\ S\ Plus\ vs.\ Optimus\ 2X\ \-\ YouTube?.mp4 -c:a aac -b:a 128k -strict experimental -async 1 -c:v libx264 -b:v 2416k -bt 171k -bufsize 966.4k -r 29.97 -s 640x360 -aspect 640:360 -vf ass="/volumes/data/movies/crime\ d\'amour.ass" -threads 8 -y "/Users/Atari/Movies/Gaming? test Galaxy S II vs. Galaxy S Plus vs. Optimus 2X - YouTube?.mp4"

Output:

Input #0, mov,mp4,m4a,3gp,3g2,mj2, from '/Volumes/Data/Movies/Gaming? test: Galaxy S II vs. Galaxy S Plus vs. Optimus 2X - YouTube?.mp4':

Metadata:

major_brand : mp42
minor_version : 0
compatible_brands: isommp42
creation_time : 2011-06-01 17:20:19

Duration: 00:03:18.25, start: 0.000000, bitrate: 620 kb/s

Stream #0:0(und): Video: h264 (Constrained Baseline) (avc1 / 0x31637661), yuv420p, 640x360, 518 kb/s, 29.97 fps, 29.92 tbr, 1k tbn, 59.83 tbc
Metadata:

creation_time : 1970-01-01 00:00:00
handler_name : VideoHandler?

Stream #0:1(und): Audio: aac (mp4a / 0x6134706D), 44100 Hz, stereo, s16, 96 kb/s
Metadata:

creation_time : 2011-06-01 17:20:20
handler_name : IsoMedia? File Produced by Google, 5-11-2011

[Parsed_ass_0 @ 0x101b0ef20] ass_read_file(/volumes/data/movies/crime damour.ass): fopen failed
[Parsed_ass_0 @ 0x101b0ef20] Could not create a libass track when reading file '/volumes/data/movies/crime damour.ass'
[AVFilterGraph @ 0x101b0c6e0] Error initializing filter 'ass' with args '/volumes/data/movies/crime d'amour.ass'
Error opening filters!

It seems FFmpeg cuts the ' character when reading the .ass file

Version 0, edited 4 years ago by Atarikid (next)

comment:3 Changed 4 years ago by saste

  • Analyzed by developer set
  • Component changed from avfilter to documentation
  • Keywords syntax quoting escaping added
  • Priority changed from normal to important
  • Reproduced by developer set
  • Status changed from new to open

That's a problem related to the quoting mechanism employed by FFmpeg.

Let's start from the string:

/Volumes/Data/Movies/Crime? d'Amour.srt

"'" is a special character (since it is used for quoting), so the first level of escaping should be:

/Volumes/Data/Movies/Crime? d\'Amour.srt

Add to this a second level of escaping (which may required by your shell), and you get:

"Volumes/Data/Movies/Crime? d\'Amour.srt"

As for the second string:

/Volumes/Data/Movies/Gaming test: Galaxy S II vs. Galaxy S Plus vs. Optimus 2X - YouTube.mp4

it contains the ":" special character (used to separate options), so proper escaping would be:

/Volumes/Data/Movies/Gaming test\: Galaxy S II vs. Galaxy S Plus vs. Optimus 2X - YouTube.mp4

or alternatively:

'/Volumes/Data/Movies/Gaming test: Galaxy S II vs. Galaxy S Plus vs. Optimus 2X - YouTube.mp4'

which with shell-escaping becomes:

"'/Volumes/Data/Movies/Gaming test: Galaxy S II vs. Galaxy S Plus vs. Optimus 2X - YouTube.mp4'"

I'm aware that the quoting syntax is not currently documented (and we may add some tools for performing automatic escaping/quoting), this is a WIP, for the moment check the av_get_token() doxy.

comment:4 Changed 4 years ago by Atarikid

Sorry to say but the issue remains.

When using the following command line, FFmpeg still gives the same issue. This IS a bug.

ffmpeg -i /Volumes/Data/Movies/Gaming?.mp4 -c:a aac -b:a 128k -strict experimental -async 1 -c:v libx264 -b:v 2416k -bt 171k -bufsize 966.4k -r 29.97 -s 640x360 -aspect 640:360 -trellis 1 -coder ac -subq 7 -me_range 16 -i_qfactor 0.71 -bf 3 -b_strategy 1 -refs 3 -partitions partb8x8+partp4x4+partp8x8+parti8x8 -flags +loop -me_method hex -direct-pred 1 -rc_lookahead 40 -g 240 -qmin 3 -qmax 51 -qdiff 4 -weightb 1 -8x8dct 1 -fast-pskip 1 -b-pyramid 1 -sc_threshold 40 -sn -vf ass="'/volumes/data/movies/crime\ d\'amour.ass'" -threads 8 -y "/Volumes/Data/Movies/Gaming?.mkv"

Output:

ffmpeg version 1.0 Copyright (c) 2000-2012 the FFmpeg developers

built on Sep 28 2012 18:59:19 with gcc 4.2.1 (GCC) (Apple Inc. build 5666) (dot 3)
configuration: --prefix=/Volumes/tempdisk/sw --as=yasm --enable-gpl --enable-pthreads --disable-ffplay --disable-ffserver --disable-shared --enable-static --enable-libvpx --disable-decoder=libvpx --enable-libmp3lame --enable-libtheora --enable-libvorbis --enable-libx264 --enable-libxvid --enable-zlib --enable-avfilter --enable-libspeex --enable-libfreetype --enable-libass --enable-filters --enable-postproc --arch=x86 --enable-runtime-cpudetect
libavutil 51. 73.101 / 51. 73.101
libavcodec 54. 59.100 / 54. 59.100
libavformat 54. 29.104 / 54. 29.104
libavdevice 54. 2.101 / 54. 2.101
libavfilter 3. 17.100 / 3. 17.100
libswscale 2. 1.101 / 2. 1.101
libswresample 0. 15.100 / 0. 15.100
libpostproc 52. 0.100 / 52. 0.100

Input #0, mov,mp4,m4a,3gp,3g2,mj2, from '/Volumes/Data/Movies/Gaming?.mp4':

Metadata:

major_brand : mp42
minor_version : 0
compatible_brands: isommp42
creation_time : 2011-06-01 17:20:19

Duration: 00:03:18.25, start: 0.000000, bitrate: 620 kb/s

Stream #0:0(und): Video: h264 (Constrained Baseline) (avc1 / 0x31637661), yuv420p, 640x360, 518 kb/s, 29.97 fps, 29.92 tbr, 1k tbn, 59.83 tbc
Metadata:

creation_time : 1970-01-01 00:00:00
handler_name : VideoHandler?

Stream #0:1(und): Audio: aac (mp4a / 0x6134706D), 44100 Hz, stereo, s16, 96 kb/s
Metadata:

creation_time : 2011-06-01 17:20:20
handler_name : IsoMedia? File Produced by Google, 5-11-2011

[Parsed_ass_0 @ 0x101b0dc40] ass_read_file(/volumes/data/movies/crime damour.ass): fopen failed
[Parsed_ass_0 @ 0x101b0dc40] Could not create a libass track when reading file '/volumes/data/movies/crime damour.ass'
[AVFilterGraph @ 0x101b0cba0] Error initializing filter 'ass' with args '/volumes/data/movies/crime\ d\amour.ass'
Error opening filters!

comment:5 Changed 4 years ago by saste

  • Cc stefasab@gmail.com added

Keep in mind that you need two levels of escaping (which I myself forgot in my first reply), the first one for separating arguments for the filter description, separated by the ":" special char, second level for separating filter descriptions in the filtergraph, separated by ";,".

First level (you escape the '):

crime d\'amour.ass

Second level (you quote the string):

ass='crime d'\''amour.ass'

or alternatively you keep escaping again:

ass=crime d\\\'amour.ass

Finally you embed it in a string for the shell (e.g. you double each \ - depends on the shell):

-vf "ass=crime d\\\\\\'amour.ass"

Unfortunately there is no elegant solution to this problem, I tried to document the escaping/quote rules in the manual, and added a tool (tools/ffescape) to help automation, but the truth is that the filtergraph syntax was not designed to be handy when embedding generic strings which may contain special characters.

comment:6 Changed 4 years ago by Atarikid

Thanks. That did it.

Ticket can be closed now.

comment:7 Changed 4 years ago by cehoyos

  • Resolution set to invalid
  • Status changed from open to closed

comment:8 Changed 4 years ago by saste

See also commit:

commit 14f1fa56b2aef1f4b2036ebdc7c6665ef68052c0
Author: Stefano Sabatini <stefasab@gmail.com>
Date:   Tue Oct 30 22:02:29 2012 +0100

    doc/filters: add "Notes on filtergraph escaping" section
    
    Should help to clarify escaping issues in the filtergraph syntax. In
    particular, should address trac ticket #1813.
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