wiki:

CompilationGuide

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Ubuntu


Version 150 (modified by llogan, 2 weeks ago) (diff)

added libaom. added FAQ. re-organized. dump obsolete theora.

Compile FFmpeg for Ubuntu, Debian, or Mint

This guide for supported releases of Ubuntu, Debian, and Linux Mint and will provide a local, non-system installation of FFmpeg with support for several common external encoding libraries.

You may also refer to the Generic Compilation Guide for additional information about compiling software.

Recent static builds are also available for lazy people or those who are unable to compile. The static builds do not support non-free encoders.

Note: FFmpeg is part of the Ubuntu packages and can be installed via apt-get install ffmpeg. You may still wish to compile if you want the latest version, experience a bug, or want to customize your build, and it will not interfere with the ffmpeg package in the repository.

This guide is designed to be non-intrusive and will create several directories in your home directory:

  • ffmpeg_sources – Where the source files will be downloaded. This can be deleted if desired when finished with the guide.
  • ffmpeg_build – Where the files will be built and libraries installed. This can be deleted if desired when finished with the guide.
  • bin – Where the resulting binaries (ffmpeg, ffplay, ffprobe, x264, x265) will be installed.

You can easily undo any of this as shown in Reverting Changes Made by This Guide.


Get the Dependencies

These are packages required for compiling, but you can remove them when you are done if you prefer:

sudo apt-get update -qq && sudo apt-get -y install \
  autoconf \
  automake \
  build-essential \
  cmake \
  git \
  libass-dev \
  libfreetype6-dev \
  libsdl2-dev \
  libtool \
  libva-dev \
  libvdpau-dev \
  libvorbis-dev \
  libxcb1-dev \
  libxcb-shm0-dev \
  libxcb-xfixes0-dev \
  pkg-config \
  texinfo \
  wget \
  zlib1g-dev

Note: Server users can omit the ffplay and x11grab dependencies: libsdl2-dev libva-dev libvdpau-dev libxcb1-dev libxcb-shm0-dev libxcb-xfixes0-dev.

In your home directory make a new directory to put all of the source code and binaries into:

mkdir -p ~/ffmpeg_sources ~/bin

Compilation & Installation

This guide assumes that you want to install some of the most common third-party libraries. Each section provides you with the commands needed to install that library.

For each section, copy-paste the entire code-block into your shell.

If you do not require certain features, you may skip the relevant section (if it is not required) and then remove the appropriate ./configure option in FFmpeg. For example, if libvpx is not needed, skip that section and then remove --enable-libvpx from the Install FFmpeg section.

Tip: To significantly speed up the compilation process on systems with multiple cores, you can use the -j option with each make command, such as make -j4.

NASM

An assembler used by some libraries.

cd ~/ffmpeg_sources && \
wget https://www.nasm.us/pub/nasm/releasebuilds/2.13.03/nasm-2.13.03.tar.bz2 && \
tar xjvf nasm-2.13.03.tar.bz2 && \
cd nasm-2.13.03 && \
./autogen.sh && \
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" ./configure --prefix="$HOME/ffmpeg_build" --bindir="$HOME/bin" && \
make && \
make install

Yasm

An assembler used by some libraries.

If your repository provides yasm version ≥ 1.2.0 then you can install that instead of compiling:

sudo apt-get install yasm

Otherwise you can compile:

cd ~/ffmpeg_sources && \
wget -O yasm-1.3.0.tar.gz https://www.tortall.net/projects/yasm/releases/yasm-1.3.0.tar.gz && \
tar xzvf yasm-1.3.0.tar.gz && \
cd yasm-1.3.0 && \
./configure --prefix="$HOME/ffmpeg_build" --bindir="$HOME/bin" && \
make && \
make install

libx264

H.264 video encoder. See the H.264 Encoding Guide for more information and usage examples.

Requires ffmpeg to be configured with --enable-gpl --enable-libx264.

If your repository provides libx264-dev version ≥ 118 then you can install that instead of compiling:

sudo apt-get install libx264-dev

Otherwise you can compile:

cd ~/ffmpeg_sources && \
git -C x264 pull 2> /dev/null || git clone --depth 1 https://git.videolan.org/git/x264 && \
cd x264 && \
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" PKG_CONFIG_PATH="$HOME/ffmpeg_build/lib/pkgconfig" ./configure --prefix="$HOME/ffmpeg_build" --bindir="$HOME/bin" --enable-static --enable-pic && \
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" make && \
make install

libx265

H.265/HEVC video encoder. See the H.265 Encoding Guide for more information and usage examples.

If your repository provides libx265-dev version ≥ 68 then you can install that instead of compiling:

sudo apt-get install libx265-dev

Otherwise you can compile:

sudo apt-get install mercurial && \
cd ~/ffmpeg_sources && \
if cd x265 2> /dev/null; then hg pull && hg update; else hg clone https://bitbucket.org/multicoreware/x265; fi && \
cd x265/build/linux && \
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" cmake -G "Unix Makefiles" -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX="$HOME/ffmpeg_build" -DENABLE_SHARED=off ../../source && \
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" make && \
make install

libvpx

VP8/VP9 video encoder/decoder. See the VP9 Video Encoding Guide for more information and usage examples.

Requires ffmpeg to be configured with --enable-libvpx.

If your repository provides libvpx-dev version ≥ 1.4.0 then you can install that instead of compiling:

sudo apt-get install libvpx-dev

Otherwise you can compile:

cd ~/ffmpeg_sources && \
git -C libvpx pull 2> /dev/null || git clone --depth 1 https://chromium.googlesource.com/webm/libvpx.git && \
cd libvpx && \
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" ./configure --prefix="$HOME/ffmpeg_build" --disable-examples --disable-unit-tests --enable-vp9-highbitdepth --as=yasm && \
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" make && \
make install

libfdk-aac

AAC audio encoder. See the AAC Audio Encoding Guide for more information and usage examples.

Requires ffmpeg to be configured with --enable-libfdk-aac (and --enable-nonfree if you also included --enable-gpl).

If your repository provides libfdk-aac-dev then you can install that instead of compiling:

sudo apt-get install libfdk-aac-dev

Otherwise you can compile:

cd ~/ffmpeg_sources && \
git -C fdk-aac pull 2> /dev/null || git clone --depth 1 https://github.com/mstorsjo/fdk-aac && \
cd fdk-aac && \
autoreconf -fiv && \
./configure --prefix="$HOME/ffmpeg_build" --disable-shared && \
make && \
make install

libmp3lame

MP3 audio encoder.

Requires ffmpeg to be configured with --enable-libmp3lame.

If your repository provides libmp3lame-dev version ≥ 3.98.3 then you can install that instead of compiling:

sudo apt-get install libmp3lame-dev

Otherwise you can compile:

cd ~/ffmpeg_sources && \
wget -O lame-3.100.tar.gz https://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/lame/lame/3.100/lame-3.100.tar.gz && \
tar xzvf lame-3.100.tar.gz && \
cd lame-3.100 && \
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" ./configure --prefix="$HOME/ffmpeg_build" --bindir="$HOME/bin" --disable-shared --enable-nasm && \
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" make && \
make install

libopus

Opus audio decoder and encoder.

Requires ffmpeg to be configured with --enable-libopus.

If your repository provides libopus-dev version ≥ 1.1 then you can install that instead of compiling:

sudo apt-get install libopus-dev

Otherwise you can compile:

cd ~/ffmpeg_sources && \
git -C opus pull 2> /dev/null || git clone --depth 1 https://github.com/xiph/opus.git && \
cd opus && \
./autogen.sh && \
./configure --prefix="$HOME/ffmpeg_build" --disable-shared && \
make && \
make install

libaom

AV1 video encoder/decoder:

cd ~/ffmpeg_sources && \
git -C aom pull 2> /dev/null || git clone --depth 1 https://aomedia.googlesource.com/aom && \
mkdir aom_build && \
cd aom_build && \
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" cmake -G "Unix Makefiles" -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX="$HOME/ffmpeg_build" -DENABLE_SHARED=off -DENABLE_NASM=on ../aom && \
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" make && \
make install

FFmpeg

cd ~/ffmpeg_sources && \
wget -O ffmpeg-snapshot.tar.bz2 https://ffmpeg.org/releases/ffmpeg-snapshot.tar.bz2 && \
tar xjvf ffmpeg-snapshot.tar.bz2 && \
cd ffmpeg && \
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" PKG_CONFIG_PATH="$HOME/ffmpeg_build/lib/pkgconfig" ./configure \
  --prefix="$HOME/ffmpeg_build" \
  --pkg-config-flags="--static" \
  --extra-cflags="-I$HOME/ffmpeg_build/include" \
  --extra-ldflags="-L$HOME/ffmpeg_build/lib" \
  --extra-libs="-lpthread -lm" \
  --bindir="$HOME/bin" \
  --enable-gpl \
  --enable-libaom \
  --enable-libass \
  --enable-libfdk-aac \
  --enable-libfreetype \
  --enable-libmp3lame \
  --enable-libopus \
  --enable-libvorbis \
  --enable-libvpx \
  --enable-libx264 \
  --enable-libx265 \
  --enable-nonfree && \
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" make && \
make install && \
hash -r

Now re-login or run the following command for your current shell session to recognize the new ffmpeg location:

source ~/.profile

Compilation and installation are now complete and ffmpeg (also ffplay, ffprobe, lame, x264, & x265) should now be ready to use. The rest of this guide shows how to update or remove FFmpeg.

Usage

You can now open a terminal, enter the ffmpeg command, and it should execute your new ffmpeg.

If you need multiple users on the same system to have access to your new ffmpeg, and not just the user that compiled it, then move or copy the ffmpeg binary from ~/bin to /usr/local/bin.

Documentation

If you want to run man ffmpeg to have local access to the documentation:

echo "MANPATH_MAP $HOME/bin $HOME/ffmpeg_build/share/man" >> ~/.manpath

You may have to log out and then log in for man ffmpeg to work.

HTML formatted documentation is available in ~/ffmpeg_build/share/doc/ffmpeg.

You can also refer to the online FFmpeg documentation, but remember that it is regenerated daily and is meant to be used with the most current ffmpeg (meaning an old build may not be compatible with the online docs).


Updating FFmpeg

Development of FFmpeg is active and an occasional update can give you new features and bug fixes. First you need to delete (or move) the old files:

rm -rf ~/ffmpeg_build ~/bin/{ffmpeg,ffprobe,ffplay,x264,x265}

Now can just follow the guide from the beginning.


Reverting Changes made by this Guide

Remove the build and source files as well as the binaries:

rm -rf ~/ffmpeg_build ~/ffmpeg_sources ~/bin/{ffmpeg,ffprobe,ffplay,x264,x265,nasm,vsyasm,yasm,ytasm}
sed -i '/ffmpeg_build/d' ~/.manpath
hash -r

You may also remove packages that have been installed from this guide:

sudo apt-get autoremove autoconf automake build-essential cmake git libass-dev libfreetype6-dev libmp3lame-dev libopus-dev libsdl2-dev libtool libva-dev libvdpau-dev libvorbis-dev libvpx-dev libx264-dev libx265-dev libxcb1-dev libxcb-shm0-dev ibxcb-xfixes0-dev mercurial texinfo wget zlib1g-dev

FAQ

Why install to ~/bin?

  • Avoids installing files into any system directories.
  • Avoids interfering with the package management system.
  • Avoids conflicts with the ffmpeg package from the repository.
  • Super simple to uninstall.
  • Does not necessarily require sudo or root: useful for shared server users as long as they have the required dependencies available.
  • ~/bin is already in the vanilla Ubuntu PATH (see ~/.profile).
  • User is free to move ffmpeg to any other desired location (such as /usr/local/bin).

Why are the commands in this guide so complicated?

It is to make compiling easy and convenient for the user. This guide:

  • Confines everything to the user's home directory (see the previous FAQ question above).
  • Is intended to be usable on all currently supported versions of Debian and Ubuntu.
  • Allows the user to choose if they want to compile certain libraries (latest and greatest) or to simply install the version from their repository (fast and easy but older).

This results in some various additional commands and configurations instead of the typical and simple ./configure, make, make install.

make[1]: Nothing to be done for 'all'/'install'

This is message from libvpx that occasionally makes users think something went wrong. You can ignore this message. It just means make is finished doing its work.


If You Need Help

Feel free to ask your questions at the #ffmpeg IRC channel or the ffmpeg-user mailing list.


Also See